Gold is closing in on an all-time high as resurgent Chinese demand and fears over the health of US regional banks have added further fuel to the six-month rally in the precious metal.
Consumers in China rushed to buy more jewelery, bars and coins in the first three months of the year after Beijing lifted its zero-covid policies, according to the World Gold Council, an industry body, while the failure of three US regional banks has also prompted investors to turn to the yellow metal, which acts as a store of value in times of uncertainty.
The latest leg of a banking crisis, in which regional US bank PacWest said it was exploring potential sales to secure its future, pushed trading in gold futures on the Comex exchange to match its all-time high of $2,072 on Thursday. came within cents of its all-time high of $2,072.49 on the same day, according to Refinitiv.
Gold has undergone a resurgence since last November, underpinned by a record 1,087 tons of buying by central banks last year. Non-western institutions scooped up the yellow metal to counterbalance their reliance on the US dollar after Washington weaponized the greenback in its sanctions against Moscow .
The buying spree from central banks has extended into this year, picking up a record 228 tons of gold in the first quarter, despite easing off rampant levels seen in the second half of last year, according to the quarterly report by the World Gold Council.
John Reade, chief market strategist at the WGC, said that whether gold could push higher would depend on whether investors saw signs of a worsening banking crisis, certainty over when the US Federal Reserve would start cutting rates and a weaker dollar.
“There’s push and pull from different sides but what we’ve yet to see unleashed is widespread financial investment in gold,” he said. from here and make significant gains.”
However, gold-backed exchange traded funds suffered outflows last year because higher interest rates attracted investors to the returns on bonds compared with the precious metal, which is a non-yielding asset.
ETF outflows in the first quarter calmed to a modest 29 tonnes, equivalent to $1.5bn, and the 11-month run of outflows was reversed in March as the banking crisis kicked off.
As a result of those factors, demand for gold including over-the-counter activity rose 1 per cent over a year ago to 1,174 tons in the first quarter.
The high gold prices have caused some destruction in demand and prompted selling activity, particularly among price sensitive consumers in India, where jewelery sales dropped 17 per cent year on year in the first three months of 2023.
Significant volumes of the record levels of central bank gold buying in the second half of last year were by mystery buyers that did not report purchases to the IMF. They were widely suspected to be Chinese, Russian and Middle Eastern entities.
That continued in the first quarter of the year with 110 to 120 tons of mystery purchases, which was lower than the 500-580 tons in the final six months of 2022.
Although the number can come down as central banks report their purchases, Read said that the decline was most likely driven by the People’s Bank of China now reporting its purchases.